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Monday, November 18, 2019

Information about the hormone insulin

Information about the hormone insulin

by Simo life November 18, 2019
Insulin is A substance of a protein nature that plays a key role in regulating blood glucose levels and regulating metabolic processes that provide the cells with the energy they need.

Insulin hormone

Insulin is a hormone made by beta cells in the pancreas, and its importance is that the key that opens and allows cells to take sugar from the blood, to use in the production of energy and if the sugar level is too high more than the body needs insulin helps to store sugar in liver cells, without Insulin cells will not be able to take sugar from the blood and will remain high in it. This is where diabetes occurs.

Discover the hormone insulin

The discovery of insulin was one of the miracles of medicine. Scientists conducted many experiments on the pancreas. Carbohydrate metabolism is impossible when the pancreas is removed, and in 1921 Frederick Pantig and student Charles H. were credited with discovering insulin in pancreatic extracts.

Regulate the hormone insulin for blood sugar level

Insulin is a chemical messenger secreted by the pancreas to affect different body cells. It is a protein responsible for regulating blood glucose levels as part of the metabolism.

The pancreas synthesizes the hormone insulin and when high blood sugar stimulates beta cells in the pancreas and secretes the hormone insulin.

Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to take sugar from the blood to use in their activities and to generate energy.

If the amount of sugar is too large, the hormone insulin will stimulate the liver cells to take sugar and stored in it until needed, and in the case of low blood sugar will be Sugar sorter from the liver to the blood.

Diseases associated with the hormone insulin

Diabetes is the most prominent disease associated with the hormone insulin, and infection occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or does not use it for a problem, there are two types of diabetes are:
  • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells, thereby lowering the levels of insulin in the blood. This is the most common disease in children and may develop in an adult.
  • Type 2 diabetes, where the body's cells are resistant to insulin and thus do not respond to insulin and high blood sugar.